The Great Divide
Chapter Summary Response
- Identify the following images by name of artist or by title if name unknown.
- Identify three perspectives / opinions about what was considered and/or not considered “art photography” at the turn of the century.
- What invention in photography took place that made photography faster and easier? Name the company and camera that was manufactured and intended for casual use by the middle-class? What was the advertising slogan used to promote the camera? Describe how the camera worked.
- What is name of the photographic movement that gathered strength in the mid-1880’s and lasted into the 1920’s? What is the name of the painting movement that is was associated with? Name the photographer who’s ideas about photography contributed to the start of this photographic movement? Describe the types of subject matter and what these photographs typically looked like by photographers of this movement.
- What did critic Sadakichi Hartman suggest needed to take place in contemporary photography at the time and why? Name the photographer who wanted to “make American photography equal to the European painting that was revered at the time? What is the name of the photographic movement he launched and promoted in his publication Camera Work? What was the name of his gallery?
- Name the photographer who called “gum-printing, oil-printing and handworking of the negative and the print “the expression of an impotent desire to paint.”?